ACADEMY OF

BUSINESS

ADMINISTRATION


































1999

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE


Radisson Edwardian Hotel

JULY 22 THROUGH JULY 29, 1999



















ACADEMY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
























1999 INTERNATIONAL

CONFERENCE

July 22 - 29, 1999






















Radisson Edwardian Hotel

London, England
















WELCOME


I am pleased to extend a warm welcome to all participants of the 1999 International Conference of the Academy of Business Administration.

I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to everyone who contributed their time, energy, and expertise to make this conference a success. It is truly a global conference in that we have participants from several countries and much of the research to be discussed has a global perspective. Each participant's contribution is a valuable asset in helping the Academy fulfill its mission of disseminating high quality research.

Each conference has as its backbone the program committee. No conference could be successful without the diligent work of the Program Chair and the Track Chairs; the 1999 International Conference Program Committee was extremely efficient in performing their duties. My sincere appreciation goes to Dr. Sam Fullerton who served in the role of Program Chair; he is to be commended for continuing to assume an important leadership role in the ABA and for exhibiting professionalism in the planning and implementation of the Conference program. I am also grateful for the contributions of special sessions Chair, Dr. Deborah Wells.

Each of the aforementioned individuals has made important contributions in helping the ABA achieve its goal of excellence, and I would again like to thank everyone for being a part of the continuous progress of the ABA. I hope that you enjoy the conference and your stay in the wonderful historic city of London.





Dr. David L. Moore

Conference Chair











A WORD FROM THE PROGRAM CHAIR




Welcome to the 1999 International Conference of the Academy of Business Administration. I am certain that you will find the sessions interesting and enlightening. I am very pleased with the number of participants who will be presenting papers, participating in the special sessions, and assisting in the day-to-day operations of the conference. Your willingness to devote your time and energy is a sign that our efforts were a good investment.

While the participants are the lifeblood of the conference, I would be remiss if I failed to acknowledge the incredibly important contributions of those individuals who have served as track chairs and reviewers. Without these individuals, a conference of this size would not be possible, so I thank each of these individuals for helping to make this conference a reality. I'm also grateful to have the able assistance and tireless efforts of Dr. David Moore who provides invaluable help to conference attendees and deserves the credit for arranging to hold our conference at this fine venue. We also hope that those of you who knew him will take a moment to remember our founder and friend, Dr. Sammy Amin. His ultimate concern was always focused upon the customer; what do we need to do to make your experience a more pleasurable one. He instilled within us that initiative, and we hope that we are making him proud. If you enjoy this conference, even in his absence, much of the credit belongs to Sammy. (We miss you, Bubba.)

Special thanks go to the Department of Marketing and the College of Business at Eastern Michigan University and the department of Business Administration at LeMoyne College for their support and understanding.

Last year's conference in Barcelona will be a hard act to follow. But I hope that you will take advantage of the excellent program planned for you, and I hope that you enjoy your stay in London. Please feel free to contact David Moore or me if you have any questions. We want to make your stay one which will encourage you to participate in our future conferences. Welcome to London!







Dr. Sam Fullerton

Program Chair



SCHEDULE FOR SPECIAL EVENTS



THURSDAY, JULY 22

2:00 PM - 6:00 PM Registration

7:00 PM - 9:00 PM Welcome Reception

FRIDAY, JULY 23

9:00 AM - 1:00 PM Registration

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM Coffee

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Special Session I "ACCREDITATION"

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Competitive Sessions

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM Coffee Break

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM Competitive Sessions

7:00 PM - 9:00 PM Reception

SATURDAY, JULY 24

9:00 AM - 1:00 PM Registration

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM Coffee

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Competitive Sessions

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM Coffee Break

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM Competitive Sessions

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM Luncheon

SUNDAY, JULY 25

EUROPEAN CULTURE DAY

A DAY AWAY FROM SESSION TO EXPLORE THE REGION!

SEE ABA OFFICIALS OR HOTEL CONSIERGE FOR INFORMATION.

MONDAY, JULY 26

9:00 AM - 1:00 PM Registration

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM Coffee

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Competitive Sessions

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM Coffee Break

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM Competitive Sessions

6:00 PM - 7:00 PM Hospitality Hour

7:00 PM - 10:00 PM Dinner & Awards Banquet

TUESDAY, JULY 27

9:00 AM - 1:00 PM Registration

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM Coffee

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Competitive Sessions

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM Coffee Break

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM Special Session II "Meet the Editors:

Journal of Academy of Business Administration"

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM Competitive Sessions

7:00 PM - 10:00 PM Farewell London, Hello St. Thomas Reception

WEDNESDAY, JULY 28

9:00 AM - 1:30 PM Registration

9:00 AM - 9:30 PM Coffee

9:30 AM - 3:00 PM Competitive Sessions

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM Coffee Break

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM Special Session III "Economic Value Added"

THURSDAY JULY 29 HAVE A SAFE TRIP HOME!























1999 PROGRAM COMMITTEE



CONFERENCE CHAIR PROGRAM CHAIR SPECIAL SESSIONS CHAIR

Dr. David Moore Dr. Sam Fullerton Dr. Deborah Wells

LeMoyne College Eastern Michigan University Creighton University




INTERNATIONAL COORDINATORS

Mr. Fraser Frost, Direct Marketing Association of London ENGLAND

Dr. David Taylor, University of Waikato, Hamilton NEW ZEALAND

Dr. Malik Mirza, Queensland University of Technology AUSTRALIA

Dr. Bun Wong Kim, Dongguk University KOREA

Dr. Christo Bischoff, University of Potchefstrom REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

Dr. Ramadan Al-Sharrah, Public Authority of Applied Education & Training KUWAIT

Dr. Michael Schreiber, University of Business & Economics, Vienna AUSTRIA

Dr. Jackie Akoka, ESSEC, Cergy FRANCE

Dr. Ahmed Ghoneim, Cairo University EGYPT

Dr. Turken Onder, Marmara University TURKEY

Dr. Faud Najig Al-Shaikh, Yarmouk University JORDAN

Dr. B. C. Ghosh, Nanyang Technological University SINGAPORE


TRACK CHAIRS

ACCOUNTING

Dr. Malik Mirza, Queensland University of Technology

Dr. Susan Kattelus, Eastern Michigan University

Dr. Aileen Smith, Stephen F. Austin University


BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

Dr. Lillian Chaney, University of Memphis

Dr. Kathy Hill, Sam Houston State University

Prof. Larry Thomas, Central Michigan University

Dr. Sara Hart, Sam Houston State University

Dr. Richard Featheringham, Central Michigan University

Prof. Bonni Baker, Siena College



CONTEMPORARY BUSINESS

Dr. Arthur Marinelli, Ohio University

Prof. Susan Switzer, Central Michigan University

Dr. Patricia Weber, Eastern Michigan University

Dr. Sam Fullerton, Eastern Michigan University

ECONOMICS

Dr. Frank Marvasti, University of Redlands

Dr. Demetri Kantarelis, Assumption College

Dr. Spyros Economides, California State University, Hayward

FINANCE

Dr. Ramesh Garg, Eastern Michigan University

Dr. Ginette McManus, Saint Joseph's University

Dr. Mahmud Rahman, Eastern Michigan University

INFORMATION SYSTEMS & DECISION SCIENCES

Dr. Rao Tummala, Eastern Michigan University

Dr. Greg Lepak, LeMoyne College

Dr. Virginia Levsen, Coastal Carolina University

MANAGEMENT

Dr. Roy Farris, Southeast Missouri State University

Dr. Mary Lemons, University of Tennessee - Martin

Dr. Nicholas DiMarco, Webster University

Dr. Ray Hill, Eastern Michigan University

MARKETING

Dr. Rita Thakur, University of La Verne

Dr. Sandra McKay, Southeastern Louisiana University

Dr. Arnie Hilgert, Northern Arizona University - Yuma

Dr. Mohan K. Menon, University of South Alabama

Dr. Janis Dietz, University of La Verne



PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION & NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

Dr. Shahrzad Marvasti, MD, Redlands, CA

Dr. David Moore, LeMoyne College















REVIEWERS



Adnan Abdeen California State University, Los Angeles

Felix Abeson Coppin State College

Frank Anderra Central Michigan University

Rhett Atkins Nova Southeastern University

Bonni Baker Siena College

William Banks Wilfrid Laurier University

Casimir Barczyk Purdue University, Calumet

Peter Barr Coastal Carolina University

Robert Barker California State University, Northridge

Potkin Basseer California State University, Dominguez Hills

James Bell Southwest Texas State University

Monica Bissell Plymouth State University

Nick Blanchard Eastern Michigan University

Michael Boroom California State University, San Bernardino

Glenda Brock California State Polytechnic University-Pomona

Jean Bush-Bacelis Eastern Michigan University

Greg Bushong Wright State University

Constance Campbell Georgia Southern University

Charles Capps Sam Houston State University

Lillian Chaney University of Memphis

Frank Chong Southeast Missouri State University

John Cirone Pensacola Christian College

Sharon Clinebell University of Northern Colorado

Dennis Coates Florida Atlantic University

R. Morris Coats Nicholls State University

Gary Coombs Ohio University

Deborah Cours California State University, Northridge

Christopher Coyne Saint Joseph's University

Cheryl A. Cruz California State University, Los Angeles

Nancy Csapo Central Michigan University

Mary Currens California State University, Northridge

Peter Dadalt Southern Illinois University

Susan Dahl Kansas State University

John Day Ohio University

Sahab Dayal Eastern Michigan University

M. Wayne DeLozier Nicholls State University

Frederick Decasperis Siena College

Roger Deveau University of Massachusetts

Al Diallo Eastern Michigan University

Roger Dickinson University of Texas, Arlington

Janis Dietz University of La Verne

Nicholas DiMarco Webster University

Paul Dion Susquehanna University

Joe Dobson Western Illinois University

John Dorocak California State University, San Bernardino

James Eason Coastal Carolina University

Spyros Economides California State University, Hayward

Altan Erdem University of Houston, Clear Lake

Massoud Farahbakhsh Salem State College

Roy Farris Southeast Missouri State University

Richard Featheringham Central Michigan University

Sam Fullerton Eastern Michigan University

Ramesh Garg Eastern Michigan University

Wilbur Garland Coastal Carolina University

Waqar Ghani Saint Joseph's University

Claire Gilmore Southern State Connecticut University

Donald Glover Metropolitan State College of Denver

Nancy Goettel Coastal Carolina University

Alan Goldberg California State University, Hayward

Pradeep Gopalakrishna Pace University

Joel Greene Hofstra University

Martin Griffin Sam Houston State University

Barbara Gross California State University, Northridge

Peter Hackbert California State University, Monterey Bay

Al Hagan Pepperdine University

Craig Hansen Metropolitan State University

Nancy Hard East Texas State University

Marion Harris Bowie State University

Sara Hart Sam Houston State University

Judith Hennessey California State University, Northridge

John Henry Georgia Southern University

Peter Hermann Coastal Carolina University

Arnie Hilgert Northern Arizona University, Yuma

Kathy Hill Sam Houston State University

Pamela Hill Eastern Michigan University

Ray Hill Eastern Michigan University

Pam Hillery Nova Southeastern University

Andrew Holmes Sam Houston State University

Evelyn Hume University of texas-Pan American

Harold Hurry Sam Houston State University

Marguerite Hutton Western Washington University

Barbara Jefferson University of La Verne

Keith Jenkins Sam Houston State University

Bill Johnson Nova Southeastern University

Robert Joy Central Michigan University

Demetri Kantarelis Assumption College

Marios Katsioloudes Coastal Carolina University

Susan Kattelus Eastern Michigan University

Omar Khalil University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Zafar Khan Eastern Michigan University

David Kirch Ohio University

Donald Kirchner California State University, Northridge

Arno Kleimenhager University of Wisconsin, Whitewater

Syrous Kooros Nicholls State University

David Kunz Southeast Missouri State University

Barbara Lafferty Florida State University

H. Bruce Lammers California State University, Northridge

John Lanasa Duquesne University

Hadley Leavell Sam Houston State University

Dong-Woo Lee California State University, Los Angeles

Greg Lepak LeMoyne College

Mary Lemons University of Tennessee - Martin

Patricia Leonard Rider College

Virginia Levsen Coastal Carolina University

Edward Liebow Battelle Seattle Research Center

Linda Loehr Northeastern University

Gary Lubbert Rockford College

Richard Malama California State University, Dominguez Hills

Jeffery Manzi Ohio University

Franklyn Manu Morgan State University

Arthur Marinelli Ohio University

Treba Marsh Stephen F. Austin State University

Norton Marks California State University, San Bernardino

Mark Martinko Florida State University

Frank Marvasti University of Redlands

Shahrzad Marvasti MD, Redlands, California

Lance Masters California State University, Hayward

Brenda Ponceford Masters California State University, Sonoma

Gary McCombs Eastern Michigan University

Carl McGowan California State University, Hayward

Sandra McKay Southeastern Louisiana University

Kim McKeage University of Maine

Martin Meloche Western Michigan University

Michael Menasco University of Redlands

Mohan K. Menon University of South Alabama

Gulser Meric Rowan College of New Jersey

Ilhan Meric Rider University

Azmi Mikhail Ohio University

Alan Miller Tennessee State University

George Milne University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Malik Mirza Queensland University of Technology

John Mittelsteadt University of Wyoming

David Moore LeMoyne College

Archie Morris Bowie State University

Sherry Moss Florida International University

Ralph Mullin Central Missouri State University

Rose Mary Murtagh-Achey Nova Southeastern University

G. M. Naidu University of Wisconsin, Whitewater

Robert Nale Coastal Carolina University

Morton Nelson Wilfrid Laurier University

Linda Nichols Texas Tech University

Douglas O'Bannon Webster University

Muhammed Obeidat Southern Polytechnic State University

Pat Obi Purdue University

Alphonso Ogbuehi Lincoln University

Jane Park California State University, Los Angeles

D. J. Parker University of Washington - Tacoma

John Penrose San Diego State University

Susan Petroshius Bowling Green State University

Donna Phillips Stephen F. Austin State University

Sanjeev Phukan Bemidji State University

Stephen Pirog Seton Hall University

Dick Plank Western Michigan University

Merton Powell Central Michigan University

V. Kanti Prasad University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

Ellen Pullins University of Toledo

Zinovy Radovilsky California State University, Hayward

Mahmud Rahman Eastern Michigan University

Ganas Rakes Ohio University

D. V. Rama University of Massachusetts

Nanda Rangan Ohio University

Henry Raymond Bowie State University

David Reid University of Toledo

Gary Renz Webster University

Mitchell Rice Louisiana State University

Violet Rogers Stephen F. Austin State University

Joseph Rosetti Siena College

Maryellen O'Brien Rosetti Hudson Valley Community College

Bill Rooks University of West Georgia

William Salatka Wilfrid Laurier University

Peter Schneider Seton Hall University

Mary Scott Northwest Missouri State University

Richard Sebastian St. Cloud State University

Alan Seidman Nova Southeastern University

David Senteney Ohio University

Teri Shaffer Southeastern Louisiana University

Hany Shawky SUNY of Albany

Hugh Sherman Ohio University

Ashraf Shirani Hofstra University

Shomir Sil Purdue University, Calumet

Deborah Skinner University of Maine

Aileen Smith Stephen F. Austin State University

Lucian Spataro Ohio University

Robert Stone Academy of Business Administration

Stanley Stough Southeast Missouri State University

Charles Stowe Sam Houston State University

Susan Switzer Central Michigan University

Mohammed H. A. Tafti Hofstra University

Michael Taku Christopher Newport University

Uday Tate Southeastern Louisiana University

Sandra Taylor Georgia Southern University

Ahmet Tezel Saint Joseph's University

James Thacker University of Windsor

Sharon Thach Tennessee State University

Rita Thakur University of La Verne

Larry Thomas Central Michigan University

Philip Titus Bowling Green State University

Hope Torkornoo Kennesaw State College

Rao Tummala Eastern Michigan University

Farok Vakil St. John's University

Demos Vardiabasis Pepperdine University

Gary S. Vazzana Central Missouri State University

Gretchen Vik San Diego State University

Charles Vitaska Metro State College at Denver

Phillip Vorherr University of Dayton

Fraya Wagner-Marsh Eastern Michigan University

John Waltman Eastern Michigan University

Samuel Wathan Coastal Carolina University

Patricia Weber Eastern Michigan University

Don Weinrauch Tennessee Technological University

Bobbie Williams Georgia Southern University

Robert Witherell University of Massachusetts

Chester Wolford Pennsylvania State University

Asad Yavari Chapman University

Burhan Yavas California State University, Dominguez Hills

Terry Young Pepperdine University


YOUR PROGRAM COMMITTEE IS

PLEASED TO PRESENT YOUR PROGRAM

FOR THE 1999 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

OF THE ACADEMY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION













FRIDAY, July 23, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM CORPORATE FINANCE

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Ginette McManus

Saint Joseph's University


* Comparable Firms and the Precision of Equity Valuation

Allen C. Eberhart

Georgetown University

** The Implications for Canadian and U.S. Firms for

Cross-Border Mergers and Acqusitions

Peter DaDalt

Southern Illinois University

Ginette McManus

Saint Joseph's University

James Owers

Georgia State University & Harvard University

*** Monthly Cash Budgets Under Sales and Collection Uncertainty

Ahmet Tezel

Saint Joseph's University

Ginette McManus

Saint Joseph's University


FRIDAY, July 23, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM SPECIAL SESSION I

ACCREDITATION FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Wayne Burton, Dean

Salem State College

Session Co-Chair: Ron McNeil, Dean

University of Massachusetts - Dartmouth




This session is recommended for those involved in the task of initial accreditation or reaccreditation. The objective is for an exchange of ideas among faculty and administrators regarding this process. All conference participants are invited to attend.










FRIDAY, July 23, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM TODAY'S BUSINESS STUDENTS

PREPARING FOR TOMORROW'S WORKPLACE

Meeting Room C Session Chair: Mary Scott

Northwest Missouri State University


* Analysis and Tracking of Principles of Finance

Students' Basic Quantitative Abilities

Robert E. Pritchard

Rowan University

George C. Romeo

Rowan University

Michael S. Saccucci

Statistical Consultant

** Teaching Competitive Intelligence: Opportunities and Needs

Jonathan Calof

University of Ottawa (Canada)

*** Building AECC Competencies Through Service Learning:

An Auditing Application

Mary Scott

Northwest Missouri State University










FRIDAY, July 23, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM GLOBAL POT POURRI

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Lillian Chaney

University of Memphis


* Examining the Market for Chemical/Global Pesticide Free

Food Items: An Exploratory Study Glen Riecken

East Tennessee State University

** Workforce Development: Enhancing International Business Skills through Regional Global Partners

B. Wayne Rockmore

East Tennessee State University

Barbara Brown

East Tennessee State University

Jon L. Smith

East Tennessee State University

Ronald F. Green

East Tennessee State University

*** Open Communication and Its Enemies

Wilbur Rich

Wellesley College


**** Truth in Intercultural Negotiation

Jeanette S. Martin

University of Mississippi

Lillian Chaney

University of Memphis































FRIDAY, July 23, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM CURRICULUM INNOVATIONS

Meeting Room C Session Chair: Susan Switzer

Central Michigan University


* Today's Messages: Yesterday's Technology

Richard Featheringham

Central Michigan University

Susan Switzer

Central Michigan University

Larry Thomas

Central Michigan University

** Teaching Tips for Business Educators

Bonni Baker

Siena College

*** Active Team Learning in Large Classes -- It Works!! Dale Gust

Central Michigan University


SATURDAY, July 23, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM GLOBAL MARKETING

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Mohan K. Menon

University of South Alabama


* Consumer Ethnocentrism: An Exploratory Investigation

of Determinants

Mohan K. Menon

University of South Alabama

** The Importance of Country of Manufacture on Nigerian

Consumer Choice

Chike Okechuku

University of Windsor (Canada)

*** International Information Seeking Behavior in

South Africa

Jonathan Calof

University of Ottawa (Canada)


SATURDAY, July 24, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM ETHICS IN FINANCIAL REPORTING

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Gyan Chandra

Miami University


* Business Fraud: Who Perpetrates It, Why and the Role of

Management and the Auditor in Its Risk and Detection

(SAS No. 82)

Barbara Farrell

Pace University

Patricia Healy

Pace University

Roberta Cable

Pace University

** Failure to Disclose True Levels of Risk in the Mutual Fund

Industry: Need for Ethical and Legal Relief

Patrick Fitzgerald

Oklahoma City University

*** Corporate Reporting and the Auditor Viewpoint

Gyan Chandra

Miami University


SATURDAY, July 24, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM TRANING TECHNIQUES FOR

AN EMERGING CURRICULUM

Meeting Room C Session Chair: Deborah Wells

Creighton University


* A Train-the-Trainer Curriculum for Using Simulations

Kimberly Porter Martin

University of La Verne

Lorna McDougall

University of La Verne

Michael Hogan-Garcia

California State University, Fullerton

** Assessment of Business Students: Finals -- the Last Frontier

Janet K. Winter

Central Missouri State University

*** Basic Academic Skills and Success in Business School

Robert Pritchard

Rowan University

George C. Romeo

Rowan University

Michael C. Saccucci

Statistical Consultant


SATURDAY, July 24, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM GLOBAL FINANCE

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Mahmud Rahmam

Eastern Michigan University


* Implications to Foreign Investment in Hong Kong After

Its Return to Mainland China

Balasundram Manian

Sam Houston State University

Nader Asgary

SUNY - Genesco

Shawn Lancaster

SUNY - Genesco

** The Internationalization of the Big Six Accounting Firms

Ramesh C. Garg

Eastern Michigan University

Jochen Buechler

KPMG Consulting GmbH (Germany)

*** Euro: The New Kid in the Bloc of Global Investors

Mahmud Rahman

Eastern Michigan University


SATURDAY, July 24, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM TOURISM

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Sam Fullerton

Eastern Michigan University


* Timesharing in Singapore

Roberta Wong Leung

Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

Zhang Wei

Temasek Polytechnic (Singapore)

Li Lan Lee

Northern Illinois University

Aldrin Yiu Yuen Leung

Salisbury Hotel YMCA (Hong Kong)

** Valuing a Hotel Business in Singapore as A Going Concern -

A Fundamentalist Approach

Roberta Leung

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)

B. C. Ghosh

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)


SATURDAY, July 24, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM EMERGING ISSUES IN EDUCATION FOR BUSINESS

Meeting Room C Session Chair: Rita Thakur

University of La Verne


* MBA's Perceptions of the Use and Effectiveness of U. S.

Work Teams: The Influence of Demographic Factors

Julie A. Lyden

University of Memphis

Lillian H. Chaney

University of Memphis

Joseph P. Anthamatten

Federal Express

** Expanding International Partnerships:

An Educational Perspective

Ronald F. Green

East Tennessee State University

B. Wayne Rockmore

East Tennessee State University

*** Distance Learning at thr Millennium

Arnie Hilgert

Northern Arizona University - Yuma

Ahmed Al-Sharrah

Loborough University (UK)

**** Analysis of Environmental Trends and Its Impact

on Business Education

Rita Patel Thakur

University of La Verne


SUNDAY, July 25, 1999

EUROPEAN CULTURE DAY


As is our tradition on Sundays at the International Conference, there are no sessions or functions scheduled today. Please take this opportunity to explore the history and charm of London and its surroundings. Tours you might consider include visits to Stratford, Warwick Castle, Bath, Stonehenge, Dover or the City sights. Take a cruise along the Thames. Take the Eurostar to Paris. Enjoy!!!














MONDAY, July 26, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES ON LEGAL, SOCIAL

& ETHICAL ISSUES

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Arthur Marinelli

Ohio University


* American Ethical Dilemmas: Surveys of Universities in

Louisiana, Texas, and Missouri

Mary R. Scott

Northwest Missouri State University

** Bosnia-Herzegovina in Transition

Leo Paul Dana

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)

Teresa Elizabeth Dana

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)

*** Business and Social Issues in Ios

Leo Paul Dana

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)






















MONDAY, July 26, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Meeting Room B Session Chair: K. S. Chin

City University of Hong Kong


* The Critical Maintenance Issues of ISO 9000 Systems:

A Hong Kong Manufacturing Industries' Experience

K. S. Chin

City University of Hong Kong

K. K. Poon

City University of Hong Kong

K. F. Pun

City University of Hong Kong

** Using Surveys to Measure and Improve Performance

Ronald Straight

Howard University

Lawrence Schwartz

Howard University

*** An Activity-Based Model to Reduce COPQ

V. M. Rao Tummala

Eastern Michigan University

W. K. Leung

Motorola Semiconductors Hong Kong Ltd.
























MONDAY, July 26, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM BUSINESS EDUCATION

Meeting Room C Session Chair: Sam Fullerton

Eastern Michigan University


* The Impact of Student-Generated Data on Student Learning

in an Introductory Statistics Course

Pam Boger

Ohio University

** Marketing Education: A Comparison of Singaporean and

American Perceptions of Critical Skills

Sam Fullerton

Eastern Michigan University

B. C. Ghosh

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)

Barbara A. Lafferty

University of Tampa

David Taylor

University of Waikato (New Zealand)

*** Using SAP R/3 Software to Integrate ERP Concepts into the

Curriculum of a College of Business Administration

Frank Anderra

Central Michigan University
























MONDAY, July 26, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM SMALL BUSINESS & ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Patricia Weber

Eastern Michigan University


* Teams in Small Business: A Practical Guide

Martin Lapinsky

Saint Peter's College

** Performance Concepts in the Study of Small-Firm

Industrial Districts

Udo Staber

University of New Brunswick (Canada)

*** Turkey: Entrepreneurship at the Crossroads

Leo Paul Dana

Nanyang Polytechnic University (Singapore)
























MONDAY, July 26, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM PERFORMANCE & IMPROVEMENT OF HR PRACTICES

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Jonathan West

University of Miami


* Measuring Performance of HRM: Preliminary Survey Results of U.S. Counties

Jonathan West

University of Miami

** Use of the Internet for Corporate Recruiting and

Job Seeking: A Descriptive Study

Erin Righter

Bloomsburg University

*** Understanding Different Communication Styles for Effective

Team-Building Using Appreciative Inquiry

Madison Holloway

Metropolitan State College of Denver
























MONDAY, July 26, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM MONEY & BANKING

Meeting Room C Session Chair: Frank Marvasti

University of Redlands


* Transition Effects: Post-Merger Disruption in Managerial

Efficiency in the Banking Industry

Leon Korte

University of South Dakota

** Contributions of Exports, External Remittances, Foreign

Direct Investment and Exchange Rate Adjustments to

Economic Growth and Employment in Bangladesh

Matiur Rahman

McNeese State University

Muhammad Mustafa

South Carolina State University

*** Informational Content of Inflation as Reflected in the

Steepness of the Yield Curve: An Alternative Approach

Hugh J. McAllister

Saint Mary's College of California
























TUESDAY, July 27, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM GLOBAL MARKETING

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Peter Hackbert

California State University, Monterey Bay


* Hispanic Shoppers' Demographic Attributes, Situtional

Variables, and Purchase Behavior Diverge By

Shopping Center Exits

John A. F. Nicholls

Florida International University

Tiger Li

Florida International University

Carl Kranendonk

Florida International University

Sydney Roslow

Florida International University

** Rules to Follow for Successful Chinese Relationships

M. Wayne DeLozier

Nicholls State University

*** A Needs Assessment for Exporting Domestic California

Wines into International Markets

Peter Hackbert

California State University, Monterey Bay
























TUESDAY, July 27, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM ISSUES IN HUMAN RELATIONS

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Nikos Orphanoudakis

Webber College


* Implications of Ethnic Variations in the Design and

Management of Mentoring Systems

Sharon Kantorowski Davis

University of LaVerne

Rita Patel Thakur

University of La Verne

** Identification of Factors Influencing the Managerial

Advancements of Women in Information Technology:

A Pilot Study

Monica Parzinger

Clemson University

Mary A. Lemons

University of Tennessee, Martin

Joyce Hoffman

Stephen F. Austin University

*** SWAT: A Case Study on a Continuous Improvement

Approach to Support Staff Workload Analysis

Marlyse M. Heaps

Bloomsburg University

Cindy Kelley

Bloomsburg University

John J. Olivo

Bloomsburg University

Sherri Valencik

Bloomsburg University










TUESDAY, July 27, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM GLOBAL MANAGEMENT &

ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Nicholas DiMarco

Webster University


* Development of a Measure of Situational Strength:

Implications for Personality Research

Michael Withey

Memorial University of Newfoundland (Canada)

** Gender Schemas and Their Antecedents: A Cognitive Explanation for the Glass Ceiling for Women

Mary Lemons

University of Tennessee, Martin

*** Open Book Management: The Key to Change Management in Eastern Europe

J. Michael McDonald

Georgia Southern University

Justin Miller

Georgia Southern University


















TUESDAY, July 27, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM EMPIRICAL STUDIES IN PRODUCTION/

OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

Meeting Room B Session Chair: V. M. Rao Tummala

Eastern Michigan University


* Quadradic Assignment Problems

Kemal Gursoy

Long Island University

** Management Issues of Strategy Formulation: An Empirical

Study of Hong Kong Manufacturing Enterprises

K. F. Pun

City University of Hong Kong

K. S. Chin

City University of Hong Kong

R. Gill

Middlesex University (UK)

A. S. White

Middlesex University (UK)

*** Global Competitiveness: An Empirical Study of Hong Kong Manufacturing Enterprises

V. M. Rao Tummala

Eastern Michigan University

Y. H. Lee

City University of Hong Kong

C. M. Yam

City University of Hong Kong


















TUESDAY, July 27, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM SPECIAL SESSION II

MEET THE JABA EDITORS

Meeting Room C


Participants interested in submitting articles for the Journal of the Academy of Business Administration are encouraged to attend this meeting with editors, Sam Fullerton and David Moore. Specific information regarding the focus of the journal, the types of manuscripts sought, submission guidelines, and review procedures will be provided. Those interested in serving on the Review Board should attend and complete a reviewer data sheet.


















WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM GOING FOR THE GOLD:

NATO, FOREIGN INVESTMENT & THE OLYMPICS

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Demetri Kantarelis

Assumption College


* The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Today:

an Institution for Peace and Economic Prosperity

Demetri Kantarelis

Assumption College

** The First Experience of Private Foreign Investment in the

Exploration and Development of Petroleum Resources

In Kuwait

Mansour Al-Saeed

Public Authority for Applied Education

and Training (Kuwait)

*** Olympics 2000, the Excel....lent Topic

Albert J. Milhomme

Southwest Texas State University
























WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1999

9:00 AM - 9:30 AM COFFEE

9:30 AM - 11:00 AM E-COMMERCE

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Janis Dietz

University of La Verne


* Electronic Commerce: Re-Engineering the Value Chain

to Increase Customer Focus

Marilyn Greenstein

Lehigh University

Diane M. Hamilton

Rowan University

** Electronic Commerce: What is the "Hysteria"?

Patrick W. Fitzgerald

Oklahoma City University

Lewis B. Kilbourne

The viaLink Company

*** Marketing Management, Direct Marketing, The Internet,

and E-Commerce

James Beckman

University of Redlands

Norman Marks

California State University, San Bernardino
























WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM SPECIAL SESSION III

ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Mahmud Rahman

Eastern Michigan University


This Special Session will consist of the presentation of two papers and a case study on Economic Value Added. The Presenter for all components of this session is Majed Mustaseb of California State University, Pomona. Please attend and address your questions and comments to Dr. Muhtaseb.

* To EVA or Not to EVA---What is EVA Anyway?

Majed Muhtaseb

California State University, Pomona

** But Then Again, Is EVA Really New?

Majed Muhtaseb

California State University, Pomona

*** Case Study on EVA: Hershey Food Corporation

Majed Muhtaseb

California State University, Pomona






















WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1999

11:00 AM - 11:30 AM COFFEE BREAK

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM AGE DISCRIMINATION, PRIVATIZATION AND

PROMOTION IN THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION

Meeting Room B Session Chair: Arthur Marinelli

Ohio University


* Age Discrimination and Reduction in Force in the

Era of Downsizing

Arthur Marinelli

Ohio University

** The Welfare Consequences of Privatization on Employees:

An Egyptian Experience

Ashraf Gamal El-Din A. Rahman

Cairo University (Egypt)

*** The Need For Promotion in the Accounting Profession

Sandra McKay

Southeastern Louisiana University

Violet Rogers

Southeastern Louisiana University

Aileen Smith

Southeastern Louisiana University




















WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1999

1:00 PM - 1:30 PM BREAK

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM AUDITING AND INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING

Meeting Room A Session Chair: Aileen Smith

Stephen F. Austin State University


* An Evaluation of Techniques Used to Audit

Computerized Systems

M. Virginia Cerullo

Southwest Missouri State University

** The Internal Auditor's Role in Developing Enterprise

Resource Planning Systems

Michael J. Cerullo

Southwest Missouri State University

*** Earnings and Stock Returns:

Evidence from the Warsaw Stock Exchange

Eva Jermakowicz

University of Southern Indiana

Phillip Goss

Uniwersytet Gdanski (Poland)

Delores F. Rinke

Purdue University, Calumet

**** A Cross-Cultural Study of Uncertainty Avoidance

and the IASC's Comparability Efforts

Aileen Smith

Stephen F. Austin State University

Donald R. Deis, Jr.

Louisiana State University
















WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1999

1:00 PM - 1:30 PM BREAK

1:30 PM - 3:00 PM SPECIAL SESSION IV

JAB SUBMISSIONS FROM THE UK

Meeting Room B


* Export Activities in SME's: A Framework for Strategic

Analysis

Peter Wyer

De Montfort University (UK)

David Smallbone

Middlesex Business School (UK)

** Market Research and the Internet

Fraser Frost

Direct Marketing Assocition (UK)























































































INDEX OF PARTICIPANTS




Adnan Abdeen . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Felix Abeson . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Jacky Akoka . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Mansour Al-Saeed . . . . . . . . . 46

Ahmed Al-Sharrah . . . . . . . . . 33

Faud Najig Al-Shaikh . . . . . . . 10

Ramadan Al-Sharrah . . . . . . . 10

Sammy Amin . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Frank Anderra . . . . . . . . . . 12, 37

Joseph P. Anthamatten . . . . . . 33

Nader Asgary . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Rhett Atkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Bonni Baker . . . . . . . . . 10, 12, 27

William Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Casimir Barczyk . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Robert Barker . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Peter Barr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Potkin Basseer . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

James Beckman . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

James Bell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Christo Bischoff . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Monica Bissell . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Nick Blanchard . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Pam Boger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Michael Boroom . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Glenda Brock . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Barbara Brown . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Jochen Buechler . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Wayne Burton . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Jean Bush-Bacelis . . . . . . . . . . 12

Greg Bushong . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Roberta Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Jonathan Calof . . . . . . . . . 24, 28

Constance Campbell . . . . . . . . 12

Charles Capps . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

M. Virginia Cerullo . . . . . . . . . 50

Michael J. Cerullo . . . . . . . . . . 50

Gyan Chandra . . . . . . . . . . . 25, 29

Lillian Chaney . . . . . 10, 12, 26, 33

K. S. Chin . . . . . . . . . . . . 36, 44

Frank Chong . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

John Cirone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Sharon Clinebell . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Dennis Coates . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

R. Morris Coats . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Gary Coombs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Deborah Cours . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Christopher Coyne . . . . . . . . . 12

Cheryl A. Cruz . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Nancy Csapo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Mary Currens . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Peter DaDalt . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 20

Susan Dahl . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Leo Paul Dana . . . . . . . . . . 35, 38

Teresa Elizabeth Dana . . . . . . . 35

Sharon K. Davis . . . . . . . . . . 42

John Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Sahab Dayal . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Frederick Decasperis . . . . . . . . 13

Donald R. Deis, Jr. . . . . . . . . 50

M. Wayne DeLozier . . . . . . 13, 41

Roger Deveau . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Prakash Dheeriya . . . . . . . . . 25

Al Diallo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Roger Dickinson . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Janis Dietz . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 47

Nicholas DiMarco . . . . . 11, 13, 43

Paul Dion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Joe Dobson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

John Dorocak . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

James Eason . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Allen C. Eberhart . . . . . . . . . . 22

Spyros Economides . . . . . . . 11, 13

Altan Erdam . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Massoud Farahbakhsh . . . . . . . . 13

Barbara Farrell . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Roy Farris . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13

Richard Featheringham . . . 10, 13, 27

Patrick Fitzgerald . . . . . . . . 29, 47

Wendy Foo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Fraser Frost . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 51

Sam Fullerton 3, 5, 10, 13, 32, 37, 45

Ramesh Garg . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 31

Wilbur Garland . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Waqar Ghani . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Ahmed Ghoneim . . . . . . . . . . . 10

B. C. Ghosh . . . . . . . . . 10, 32, 37

R. Gill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Claire Gilmore . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Donald Glover . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Nancy Goettel . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Alan Goldberg . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Pradeep Gopalakrishna . . . . . . . 13

Phillip Goss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Joel Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Ronald F. Green . . . . . . . . . 26, 33

Marilyn Greenstein . . . . . . . . . 47

Martin Griffin . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Barbara Gross . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Kemal Gursoy . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Dale Gust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Peter Hackbert . . . . . . . . . . 14, 41

Al Hagan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Diane M. Hamilton . . . . . . . . 47

Craig Hansen . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Nancy Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Marion Harris . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Sara Hart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Patricia Healy . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Marlyse M. Heaps . . . . . . . . . 42

Judith Hennessy . . . . . . . . . . . 14

John Henry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Peter Hermann . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Arnie Hilgert . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 33

Kathy Hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 14

Pamela Hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Ray Hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 14

Pam Hillery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Joyce Hoffman . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Michael Hogan-Garcia . . . . . . 30

Madison Holloway . . . . . . . . . 39

Andrew Holmes . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Evelyn Hume . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Harold Hurry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Marguerite Hutton . . . . . . . . . . 14

Keith Jenkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Eva Jermakowicz . . . . . . . . . . 50

Bill Johnson . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Robert Joy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Demetri Kantarelis. . . . . . . . 11, 46

Marios Katsioloudes . . . . . . . . . 14

Susan Kattelus . . . . . . . . . . 10, 14

Cindy Kelly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Omar Khalil . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Zafer Khan . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Lewis B. Kilbourne . . . . . . . . 47

Bun Wong Kim . . . . . . . . . . . 10

David Kirch . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Donald Kirchner . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Arno Kleimenhager . . . . . . . . . 14

Syrous Kooros . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Leon Korte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Carl Kranendonk . . . . . . . . . . 41

David Kunz . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Barbara Lafferty . . . . . . . . . 14, 37

H. Bruce Lammers . . . . . . . . . . 15

John Lanasa . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Sean Lancaster . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Martin Lapinsky . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Hadley Leavell . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Dong-Woo Lee . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Li Lan Lee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Y. H. Lee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Mary Lemons . . . . . .11, 15, 42, 43

Patricia Leonard . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Greg Lepak . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 15

Aldrin Yiu Yuen Leung . . . . . . 32

Roberta Wong Leung . . . . . . . . 32

W. K. Leung . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Virginia Levsen . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Tiger Li . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Edward Liebow . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Susan J. Lightle . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Linda Loehr . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Gary Lubbert . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Julie A. Lyden . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Richard Malama . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Balasundram Manian . . . . . . . . 31

Jeffery Manzi . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Arthur Marinelli . . . .11, 15, 35, 49

Norman Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Treba Marsh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Jeanette Martin . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Kimberly Porter Martin . . . . . . 30

Mark Martinko . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Norman Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Frank Marvasti . . . . . . . 11, 15, 40

Shahrzad Marvasti . . . . . . . 11, 15

Lance Masters . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Brenda Ponceford Masters . . . . . 15

Hugh McAllister . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Gary McCombs . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Michael McDonald . . . . . . . . . 43

Lorna McDougall . . . . . . . . . 30

Carl McGowan . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Sandra McKay . . . . . . . .11, 15, 49

Kim McKeage . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Ginette McManus . . . . . . . 11, 22

Ron McNeil . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Martin Meloche . . . . . . . . . . 15

Michael Menasco . . . . . . . . . . 15

Mohan Menon . . . . . . . 11, 15, 28

Gulser Meric . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Ilhan Meric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Azmi Mikhail . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Albert J. Milhomme . . . . . . . . . 46

Alan Miller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Justin Miller . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

George Milne . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

John Mittelsteadt . . . . . . . . . . 16

Malik Mirza . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 16

David Moore . . . 3, 5, 10, 11, 16, 45

Archie Morris . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Sherry Moss . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Majed Muhtaseb . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Ralph Mullin . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Rose Mary Murtagh-Achey . . . 16

Muhammad Mustafa . . . . . . . . 40

G. M. Naidu . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Robert Nale . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Morton Nelson . . . . . . . . . . . 16

J. A. F. Nicholls . . . . . . . . . . 41

Linda Nichols . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Douglas O'Bannon . . . . . . . . . 16

Muhammad Obeidat . . . . . . . . 16

Pat Obi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Alphonso Ogbuehi . . . . . . . . . 16

Chike Okechuku . . . . . . . . . . 28

John J. Olivo . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Turken Onder . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Nikos Orphanoudakis . . . . . . . 42

James Owers . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Jane Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

D. J. Parker . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Monica Parzinger . . . . . . . . . 42

John Penrose . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Susan Petroshius . . . . . . . . . . 16

Donna Phillips . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Sanjeev Phukan . . . . . . . . . . 16

Stephen Pirog . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Richard Plank . . . . . . . . . . . 16

K. K. Poon . . . . . . . . . . . 36, 44

V. Kanti Prasad . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Robert C. Pritchard . . . . . . . 24, 30

K. F. Pun . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36, 44

Zinovy Radovilsky . . . . . . . . . 16

Ashraf Gamal El-Din A. Rahman 49

Mahmud Rahman . . . 11, 16, 31, 48

Matiur Rahman . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Ganas Rakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

D.V. Rama . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Nanda Rangan . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Henry Raymond . . . . . . . . . . . 16

David Reid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Gary Renz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Mitchell Rice . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Wilbur Rich . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Glen Riecken . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Erin Righter . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Delores F. Rinke . . . . . . . . . . 50

B. Wayne Rockmore . . . . . . . 26, 33

Violet Rogers . . . . . . . . . . . 17, 49

George C. Romeo . . . . . . . . . 30

Bill Rooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Joseph Rosetti . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Maryellen Rosetti . . . . . . . . . . 17

Sydney Roslow . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Michael S. Saccucci . . . . . . . 24, 30

William Salatka . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Peter Schneider . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Michael Schreiber . . . . . . . . . . 10

Lawrence Schwartz . . . . . . . . 36

Mary Scott . . . . . . . . . . 17, 24, 35

Richard Sebastian . . . . . . . . . . 17

David Senteney . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Alan Seidman . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Teri Shaffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Hany Shawky . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Hugh Sherman . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Ashraf Shirani . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Shomir Sil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Deborah Skinner . . . . . . . . . . 17

David Smallbone . . . . . . . . . . 51

Aileen Smith . . . . . . 10, 17, 49, 50

Jon L. Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Lucian Spataro . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Udo Staber . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Robert Stone . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Stan Stough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Charles Stowe . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Ronald Straight . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Robert J. Sweeny . . . . . . . . . . 25

Susan Switzer . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 27

Mohammed H. A. Tafti . . . . . . 17

Michael Taku . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Uday Tate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

David Taylor . . . . . . . . 10, 17, 37

Sandra Taylor . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Ahmet Tezel . . . . . . . . . . . 17, 22

James Thacker . . . . . . . . . . 17, 33

Rita Patel Thakur . . .11, 17, 33, 42

Sharon Thach . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Larry Thomas . . . . . . . . 10, 17, 27

Philip Titus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Hope Torkornoo . . . . . . . . . . 17

Rao Tummala . . . . . 11, 17, 36, 44

Sherri Valencik . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Farok Vakil . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Demos Vardiabasis . . . . . . . . . 17

Gary S. Vazzana . . . . . . . . . . 17

Gretchen Vik . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Charles Vitaska . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Phillip Vorherr . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Fraya Wagner-Marsh . . . . . . . . 17

John Waltman . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Samuel Wathan . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Patricia Weber . . . . . . . 11, 17, 38

Zhang Wei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Don Weinrach . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Deborah Wells . . . . . . 3, 5, 10, 30

Jonathan West . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

A. S. White . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Bobbie Williams . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Janet K. Winter . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Robert Witherell . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Michael Withey . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Chester Wolford . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Peter Wyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

C. M. Yam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Asad Yavari . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Burhan Yavas . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Terry Young . . . . . . . . . . . . 17